Journal Title: زمستان 97
Article title: Surgical Patent using Scopus Citation Database Data with Examination of Legal Challenges
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Page From: 54 To: 60
Introduction & Objective: Due to the growth of scientific production in recent years, this question has always been raised in scientific circles and society, how much scientific production has led to the elimination of the problems of society and how many of them led to the production of goods and services and jobs in a country. In this regard, the present study has investigated the scope of surgical field patents at the global level and Iran's position in this field in order to determine the extent of the invention from the point of view of scientific production.
Materials & Methods: The method of this study is scientometric, using Scopus citation database and embedded engine on it. Also, Excel software was used to draw tables and charts.
Results: The results of this study showed that the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, China, France, Canada, India and Turkey ranked first to tenth in terms of patents for surgery, respectively. Iran is ranked 23rd. Other findings, according to data from this site, indicate that the patent process has been slightly decreased in recent years. With 757 in 2014, 729 in 2015, 2016 in 716, 2017 in 692 cases, and 2018 in 660 cases.
Conclusions: The growth of scientific production in the field of surgery in the world and Iran has grown relatively well. Perhaps one of the reasons for this is limiting patents to surgeons, since surgery may has an inventive, cooperative, and involved role, but for some reasons its name has not been documented or many of these inventions have been documented in general. In this regard, the status of surgeons in the patent has declined. Understanding the surgical community with patent practices can be another cause. Because surgical procedures are subject to the laws of most countries, including exceptions from patents. But many surgeons do not care and do not record it, which is why one of the reasons is that there is a lack of patent growth in this area.
Patent, Scopus Citation Database, Surgery, Innovation
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