Journal Title: تابستان 96 Article title: The Relationship between Anxiety and Depression with Cardiovascular Disease after Open Heart Surgery
Article PDF File: Page From: 54 To: 61
Article abstract: Introduction & Objective: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death and disability in the world and Major psychological problems that typically affect people's Sufferers lives Include stress, anxiety, concern of the future and depression. One of the factors that affect mental health disease and how to cope with the disease. One of the factors that affect on patients mental health and how to cope with the disease, is the Perceptions of the disease and its consequences.
Materials & Methods: A number of 194 cardiovascular patients attending Subspecialty heart clinics in Tehran hospitals during the period from July 2016 to March 2017 and had a history of open heart surgery were selected by convenience sampling. To Gathering the Data was used from the personal information and demographic questionnaires and illness Perception Questionnaire and stress, anxiety and depression Questionnaire (DASS-21). Data were analyzed using software SPSS 23 and Speraman correlation.
Results: The correlation coefficient between illness perception and depression among the heart patients is r = 0.27 and the correlation coefficient between the illness perception and anxiety in heart patients is r = 0.42. So whit the %99 confidence the null hypothesis is rejected and it is concluded that the perception of cardiovascular disease and depression and anxiety there is a significant positive relationship (P < 0.01).
Conclusions: If the perception of patients with cardiovascular disease accompanied with Bias, it causes that they show more anxiety and depression but if their conception of illness Based on the reliable information by the doctor and truly understand the disease and its complications, their depression and anxiety is reduced.
Article KeyWords: Open Heart Surgery, Anxiety, Depression