Journal Title: بهار 96 Article title: Improving the Quality of Surgical and Treatment Processes Using Cumulative Sum Control Charts: A Comprehensive and Applied Review
Article PDF File: Page From: 100 To: 123
Article abstract: Introduction & Objective: Developing the use of statistical process control (SPC) methods for the healthcare area is evaluated as an attractive contribution. Analyzing patient data using SPC approach plays an important role to monitor effectively a health care process, improving the quality surgical processes, and other medical service processes. Among SPC methods, cumulative sum approach have been attracted more attention in the medical literature due to its simple formulation and interpretation, as well as more sensitivity to detect medium and small shifts compared to other methods. The aim of this study is to provide analytically positive effects of using CUSUM charts for hospitals, surgical, and therapeutic processes.
Materials & Methods: This study is a comprehensive literature review. This paper investigates comprehensively researches and results of the used CUSUM charts in different areas of healthcare focusing on reported reliable scientific sources without any limitation of time.
Results: This study reveals that different cumulative sum control chart types are proposed to use in therapeutic and surgical processes leading to improvement of the processes. The analysis indicates that risk adjustment methods considering patients’ risk before surgery is more superior compared to other CUSUM types. This approach focuses on homogenizing and adjusting the effect of physical and physiological conditions corresponding to patients.
Conclusions: Cumulative sum charts should be used considering strength and weakness points of each chart as well as data probability distribution. This paper reveals that the use of risk-adjusted cumulative sum charts can be more accurately reflect the performance results of a surgery compared to other chart types. Furthermore the use of CUSUM methods for learning curves is capable of monitoring effectively the performance of medical trainees.
Article KeyWords: Cumulative Sum (CUSUM) Chart, Statistical Process Control, Treatment and Surgical Processes